Relationships between crustal contamination and crystallisation in continental flood basalt magmas with special reference to the Deccan Traps of the Western Ghats, India.

Devey, Colin W. and Cox, K.G. (1987) Relationships between crustal contamination and crystallisation in continental flood basalt magmas with special reference to the Deccan Traps of the Western Ghats, India. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 84 (1). pp. 59-68. DOI 10.1016/0012-821X(87)90176-2.

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Abstract

The upper part of the Deccan Traps sequence (Bushe to Mahabaleshwar Formations) shows a statistically significant tendency for the most mafic lavas to be the most contaminated by crustal materials. This is the reverse of the relationship shown by suites evolving by contamination accompanied by fractional crystallisation (AFC). The observed correlations (e.g. between Mg-number and Sr isotope initial ratios) are partly an accidental consequence of the fact that the most mafic lavas are more abundant in the lower part of the sequence, while contaminant availability declines in the upper part. It is probable, however, that the correlations are augmented by increased contamination of hotter magma batches during ascent through dykes, a process during which fractional crystallisation is suppressed by magmatic turbulence. The absence of AFC relationships suggests that most of the contamination took place during the ascent stage rather than in a magma chamber. Other continental flood basalt provinces such as the Parana and Etendeka do show AFC relationships, and it is speculated that this may be a result of magma chamber contamination coupled with flow rates which prevent contamination during ascent.

Document Type: Article
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0012-821X(87)90176-2
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:27
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2016 11:21
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/5544

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