Swimming performance in Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) following long-term (4-12 months) acclimation to elevated seawater PCO2.

Melzner, Frank, Göbel, Sandra, Langenbuch, Martina, Gutowska, Magdalena, Pörtner, H.O. and Lucassen, Magnus (2009) Swimming performance in Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) following long-term (4-12 months) acclimation to elevated seawater PCO2. Aquatic Toxicology, 92 . pp. 30-37. DOI 10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.12.011.

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Abstract

Anthropogenic CO2 emissions lead to chronically elevated seawater CO2 partial pressures (hypercapnia). The induced ocean acidification will very likely be a relevant factor shaping future marine environments. CO2 exposure concomitantly challenges the animal's capacity of acid-base and ionic regulation as well as the ability to maintain energy metabolism and calcification. Under conditions of acute hypercapnia, numerous studies have revealed a broad range of tolerance levels displayed by various marine taxa. Thus, it is well known that, in contrast to many marine invertebrates, most teleost fish are able to fully compensate acid-base disturbances in short-term experiments (hours to several days). in order to determine whether marine fish are able to preserve aerobic scope following long-term incubation to elevated CO2, we exposed two groups of Atlantic Cod for 4 and 12 months to 0.3 and 0.6 kPa P-CO2, respectively. Measurements of standard and active metabolic rates, critical swimming speeds and aerobic scope of long-term incubated cod showed no deviations from control values, indicating that locomotory performance is not compromised by the different levels of chronic hypercapnia. While the maintenance of high activity levels is supported by a 2-fold increased Na+/K+-ATPase protein expression and 2-fold elevated Na+/K+-ATPase activity in the 12 month incubated fish (0.6 kPa P-CO2), no such elevation in Na+/K+-ATPase activity could be observed in the group treated with 0.3 kPa P-CO2. Owing to the relevance of Na+/K+-ATPase as a general indicator for ion regulatory capacity, these results point at an adjustment of enzymatic activity to cope with the CO2 induced acid-base load at 0.6 kPa P-CO2 while under milder hypercapnic conditions the 'standard' Na+/K+-ATPase capacity might still be sufficient to maintain acid-base status. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000265154900004
Keywords: Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua, Na+/K+-ATPase, ocean acidification, Critical swimming speed, Hypercapnia; atlantic codgadus morhua na+/k+-atpase ocean acidification critical swimming speed hypercapnia; acid-base-balance; salmon oncorhynchus-tshawytscha; carbon-dioxide; environmental hypercapnia; metabolic depression; sipunculus-nudus; intracellular ph; fish; ocean; gills
Research affiliation: AWI
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-JRG-A1 Ocean Acidification
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Kiel University
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.12.011
ISSN: 0166-445X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2009 10:26
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2017 10:15
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/5669

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