Lidar Inelastic Multiple-Scattering Parameters of Cirrus Particle Ensembles Determined with Geometrical-Optics Crystal Phase Functions.

Reichardt, J., Hess, M. and Macke, Andreas (2000) Lidar Inelastic Multiple-Scattering Parameters of Cirrus Particle Ensembles Determined with Geometrical-Optics Crystal Phase Functions. Applied Optics, 39 (12). pp. 1895-1910.

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Abstract

Multiple-scattering correction factors for cirrus particle extinction coefficients measured with Raman and high spectral resolution lidars are calculated with a radiative-transfer model. Cirrus particle-ensemble phase functions are computed from single-crystal phase functions derived in a geometrical-optics approximation. Seven crystal types are considered. In cirrus clouds with height-independent particle extinction coefficients the general pattern of the multiple-scattering parameters has a steep onset at cloud base with values of 0.5–0.7 followed by a gradual and monotonic decrease to 0.1–0.2 at cloud top. The larger the scattering particles are, the more gradual is the rate of decrease. Multiple-scattering parameters of complex crystals and of imperfect hexagonal columns and plates can be well approximated by those of projected-area equivalent ice spheres, whereas perfect hexagonal crystals show values as much as 70% higher than those of spheres. The dependencies of the multiple-scattering parameters on cirrus particle spectrum, base height, and geometric depth and on the lidar parameters laser wavelength and receiver field of view, are discussed, and a set of multiple-scattering parameter profiles for the correction of extinction measurements in homogeneous cirrus is provided.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
ISSN: 0003-6935
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:24
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 10:00
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/5723

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