Chemical composition, distribution, and origin of silicic volcanic ash layers in the Greenland-Iceland-Norwegian Sea: explosive volcanism from 10 to 300 ka as recorded in deep-sea sediments.

Wallrabe-Adams, Hans-Joachim and Lackschewitz, Klas (2003) Chemical composition, distribution, and origin of silicic volcanic ash layers in the Greenland-Iceland-Norwegian Sea: explosive volcanism from 10 to 300 ka as recorded in deep-sea sediments. Marine Geology, 193 (3-4). pp. 273-293. DOI 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00661-8.

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Abstract

Explosive ocean island volcanism in the Greenland–Iceland–Norwegian Sea (GIN Sea) is indicated by marine tephra layers at 10–300 ka. Peaks of explosive volcanism occurred in oxygen isotope stages 8, 7, 5 and 1. The depositional age of the tephra was estimated using the oxygen isotope stratigraphy and dating of marine records. Geochemical analyses of the tephra layers show that all originate from Iceland. Here we report the characteristics of tephra from these major Icelandic events in 30 deep-sea cores from the GIN Sea. Our findings provide constraints on the distribution of tephra from the eruption source. For the Vedde Ash (oxygen isotope stage 1) we estimate a minimum fallout area of 2∗105 km2, stretching from central Greenland in the west and southern Sweden in the east, to 71°N in the GIN Sea. The magnitude of the eruption and the regional wind conditions controlled the extent and concentrations of these ash fallout events. Oceanic circulation and differential settling may have affected the distribution and final deposition of ash particles such as bubble wall shards.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Greenland–Iceland–Norwegian Sea; marine tephra layers; chemical variations; lateral distribution
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00661-8
ISSN: 0025-3227
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:26
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2017 12:25
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/6290

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