Sr-Nd-Pb isotope evidence against plume-asthenosphere mixing north of Iceland.

Mertz, D.F., Devey, Colin W. , Todt, W., Stoffers, Peter and Hofmann, A.W. (1991) Sr-Nd-Pb isotope evidence against plume-asthenosphere mixing north of Iceland. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 107 (2). pp. 243-255. DOI 10.1016/0012-821X(91)90074-R.

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Abstract

Iceland straddles the mid-Atlantic spreading axis, between the Kolbeinsey Ridge to the north and the Reykjanes Ridge to the south. Published geochemical data from the Reykjanes Ridge show evidence for mixing between a MORB component and the Iceland plume. Available data from the Kolbeinsey Ridge suggest that similar mixing may not be occurring there. To investigate in detail the relationship between the Iceland plume and MORB along the Kolbeinsey Ridge, we have collected and analysed samples between the Tjo¨rnes and Spar fracture zones (ca. 67°–69°N).
The 16 Kolbeinsey Ridge samples show limited isotopic variation and are characterised by relatively unradiogenic Pb (206Pb/204Pb= 17.912 to 18.053, 207Pb/204Pb= 15.404 to 15.453 and 208Pb/204Pb= 37.543 to 37.690, 87Sr/86Sr= 0.70280 to 0.70298, 143Nd/144Nd= 0.51307 to 0.51323). On the basis of their Rb, Sr, Nd, Sm, U, Th and Pb concentrations, the basalts are N-type MORB. Sr and Nd isotope ratios show significant systematic variations with latitude, becoming more enriched (87Sr/86Sr increases, 143Nd/144Nd decreases) towards Iceland, apparently supporting the classical model of plume-asthenosphere mixing. However, the Pb isotopes show no such relationship, and are thus inconsistent with this mixing model.
On the basis of Pb and Sr isotope data it is possible to exclude the Iceland source as an end-member in the genesis of the Kolbeinsey Ridge basalts, implying that Iceland plume material does not flow northward along the Kolbeinsey Ridge. The isotopic variations within the Kolbeinsey data set can be attributed to heterogeneities in the MORB source. The boundary between the plume and MORB sources appears to coincide with the Tjo¨rnes Fracture Zone. This fracture zone may, by analogy with the Australia-Antarctic Discordance, overlie a zone of mantle convergence.
The topographic anomalies over the Kolbeinsey and Reykjanes Ridges imply that hot, less dense material underlies them both. The absence of an Icelandic plume signature in the Kolbeinsey geochemistry, however, leads us to propose an asymmetrical shape for the plume, generated by a southerly component of flow in the Kolbeinsey MORB source. A similar flow direction has previously been proposed for the whole North Atlantic on the basis of independent mantle mass-balance calculations

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0012-821X(91)90074-R
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:27
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2016 12:59
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/6305

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