Pockmarks off Big Sur, California.

Paull, C., Ussler, W., Maher, N., Greene, H. G., Rehder, Gregor, Lorenson, T. and Lee, H. (2002) Pockmarks off Big Sur, California. Marine Geology, 181 . pp. 323-335. DOI 10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00247-X.

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A pockmark field was discovered during EM-300 multi-beam bathymetric surveys on the lower continental slope off the Big Sur coast of California. The field contains ∼1500 pockmarks which are between 130 and 260 m in diameter, and typically are 8–12 m deep located within a 560 km2 area. To investigate the origin of these features, piston cores were collected from both the interior and the flanks of the pockmarks, and remotely operated vehicle observation (ROV) video and sampling transects were conducted which passed through 19 of the pockmarks. The water column within and above the pockmarks was sampled for methane concentration. Piston cores and ROV collected push cores show that the pockmark field is composed of monotonous fine silts and clays and the cores within the pockmarks are indistinguishable from those outside the pockmarks. No evidence for either sediment winnowing or diagenetic alteration suggestive of fluid venting was obtained. 14C measurements of the organic carbon in the sediments indicate continuous sedimentation throughout the time resolution of the radiocarbon technique (∼45 000 yr BP), with a sedimentation rate of ∼10 cm per 1000 yr both within and between the pockmarks. Concentrations of methane, dissolved inorganic carbon, sulfate, chloride, and ammonium in pore water extracted from within the cores are generally similar in composition to seawater and show little change with depth, suggesting low biogeochemical activity. These pore water chemical gradients indicate that neither significant accumulations of gas are likely to exist in the shallow subsurface (∼100 m) nor is active fluid advection occurring within the sampled sediments. Taken together the data indicate that these pockmarks are more than 45 000 yr old, are presently inactive, and contain no indications of earlier fluid or gas venting events.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: pockmarks, seafloor venting, pore water, continental slope
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00247-X
ISSN: 0025-3227
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2017 11:54
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/6390

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