Chemical and biological composition of suspended particles and aggregates in the Baltic Sea in summer (1999)..

Engel, Anja , Meyerhöfer, Michael and von Bröckel, Klaus (2002) Chemical and biological composition of suspended particles and aggregates in the Baltic Sea in summer (1999).. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 55 . pp. 729-741. DOI 10.1006/ecss.2001.0927.

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Abstract

Suspended particles and particle aggregates, which formed from concentrated field samples on the roller table, were characterized biologically and chemically along a transect through the Baltic Sea in summer 1999. Phytoplankton composition in field samples was dominated by cyanobacteria, including the filamentous diazotrophic cyanobacteria Aphanizomenon ‘ baltica’, Nodularia spumigena and Anabaena spp. These species formed aggregates together with diatoms, mainly Skeletonema costatum and Chaetoceros spp. and with dinoflagellates, mainly withDinophysis norvegica . Compared to the Redfield ratio, concentration ratios of particulate organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus, [POC]:[PON]:[POP], indicated an enrichment of carbon, especially in aggregates. However, regression analysis indicated a higher production rate of PON relative to POP and POC and significant background concentrations of POC. In field samples the concentration of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) varied around 200 μg Xanthan Equiv. l−1 and comprised a volume fraction of 2–7 ppm and an abundance of about 105 TEP ml−1. TEP were enriched in aggregates as inferred from volume ratios of TEP to conventional particles. It is suggested, that TEP contribute substantially to the background concentration of POC, while the high production rate of PON is attributed to nitrogen fixation of diazotrophic cyanobacteria.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Marine Biology; Biogeochemistry; biogeochemical elements; organic particles; aggregates; filamentous cyanobacteria; Baltic Sea
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1006/ecss.2001.0927
ISSN: 0272-7714
Projects: ELOISE
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2017 10:58
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/6792

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