Volatile halogenated hydrocarbons over the western Pacific between 43° and 4°N.

Quack, Birgit and Suess, Erwin (1999) Volatile halogenated hydrocarbons over the western Pacific between 43° and 4°N. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 104 . pp. 1663-1678. DOI 10.1029/98JD02730.

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Abstract

A spectrum of halogenated hydrocarbon compounds in marine air masses were surveyed over an area in the western Pacific between 43°N, 150°E and 4°N, 113°E in September 1994. The ship's track between northern Japan and Singapore traversed three climatic zones of the northern hemisphere. Recently polluted air, clean marine air derived from the central Pacific Ocean from different latitudes, and marine air from the Indonesian archipelago were collected. Tetrachloroethene and trichloroethene of anthropogenic origin, brominated halocarbons as tribromomethane, dibromochloromethane and bromodichloromethane of anthropogenic and natural sources, and other trace gases were measured in the air samples. Very sparse data on the distribution of these compounds exist for the western Pacific atmosphere. The distribution patterns of the compounds were related to synoptic-scale meteorology, spatial conditions, and origin of the air masses. Anthropogenic and natural sources for both chlorinated and brominated substances were identified. Tetrachloroethene and trichloroethene concentrations and their ratios identify anthropogenic sources. Their mixing ratios were quite low compared to previously published data. They are in agreement with expected low concentrations of photochemically active substances during autumn, with an overall decrease in concentrations toward lower latitudes, and with a decrease of emissions during recent years. Strong evidence for a natural source of trichloroethene was discovered in the tropical region. The concentrations of naturally released brominated species were high compared to other measurements over the Pacific. Gradients toward the coasts and elevated concentrations in air masses influenced by coastal emissions point to significant coastal sources of these compounds. The trace gas composition of anthropogenic and natural compounds clearly identified the air masses which were traversed during the cruise.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Constituent Sources and Sinks; Global Climate Models; Pollution: Urban and Regional Troposphere: Composition and Chemistry Troposphere: Constituent Transport and Chemistry
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/98JD02730
ISSN: 2169-8996
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:24
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2017 12:17
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/6966

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