Relationship between anthropogenic CO2 and the 13C Suess effect in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Körtzinger, Arne , Quay, Paul D. and Sonnerup, Rolf E. (2003) Relationship between anthropogenic CO2 and the 13C Suess effect in the North Atlantic Ocean. Open Access Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17 (1). pp. 1005-1024. DOI 10.1029/2001GB001427.

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Temporal trends in oceanic dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and δ13C-DIC were reconstructed along five isopycnals in the upper 1000 m of the North Atlantic Ocean using a back-calculation approach. The mean anthropogenic DIC increase was 1.21 ± 0.07 μmol kg−1 yr−1 and the mean 13C decrease was −0.026 ± 0.002‰ yr−1, both in good agreement with the results from previous studies. The observed δ13C-DIC perturbation ratio is −0.024 ± 0.003‰ (μmol kg−1)−1. Our results indicate that the North Atlantic is able to maintain equilibrium with the anthropogenic perturbation for DIC and follows it with decadal time lag for δ13C. A CFC-calibrated one-dimensional isopycnal advection-diffusion model is used to evaluate temporal DIC and δ13C trends and perturbation ratios of the reconstructions. We investigate the time history of the air-sea CO2 and 13C disequilibria in the North Atlantic and discuss the importance of physical and biological processes in maintaining them. We find evidence that the North Atlantic Ocean is characterized by enhanced uptake of anthropogenic CO2. Also, we use the model to examine how the time rate of change of δ13C depends on changes in the temporal evolution of δ13C in the atmosphere. The model evolution explains the curious result that the time rate of change of surface water δ13C in the North Atlantic Ocean can exceed that observed concurrently in the atmosphere. Finally we introduce a powerful way of estimating the global air-sea pCO2 disequilibrium based on the oceanic δ13C-DIC perturbation ratio.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: carbon cycle, anthropogenic carbon dioxide, 13C Suess effect, advection-diffusion model, North Atlantic Ocean
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2001GB001427
ISSN: 0886-6236
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:26
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2018 07:57

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