Development and application of pressure core sampling systems for the investigation of gas and gas hydrate bearing sediments.

Abegg, Friedrich, Hohnberg, H.-J., Pape, T., Bohrmann, Gerhard and Freitag, Johannes (2008) Development and application of pressure core sampling systems for the investigation of gas and gas hydrate bearing sediments. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 55 . pp. 1590-1599. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2008.06.006.

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Abstract

Free or hydrate-bound gas in the seafloor has been of scientific, ecologic and economic interest for many years because it predominantly contains high concentrations of low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons. A prerequisite of accurate quantifications of gases in sediments is to preserve pressure and temperature close to the in situ conditions during recovery. Here we introduce two new sediment coring devices that allow for the recovery of near-surface gas- and gas-hydrate-bearing sediments and subsequent investigations using several different techniques such as visualisation by computerized tomography, quantitative degassing, and sediment and porewater analyses. The first coring tool, the Multiple Autoclave Corer (MAC), resembles a standard multiple corer in terms of applications, size and core length of about 55 cm. The second tool, the Dynamic Autoclave Piston Corer (DAPC), is similar to a piston corer in application and size and enables one to take cores of up to 2.5 m length. Both focus on the investigation of near-surface sediments, which are most strongly affected by changes in bottom-water temperature and hydrostatic pressure, which in turn influence continental slope stability. Some results from recent offshore applications show the potential of these tools.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Seafloor sampling, Autoclave technology, Pressurised cores, free gas, methane, gas hydrate, Hydrate ridge, Gulf of Mexico, black sea; R.V. Sonne; R.V. Meteor; R.V. Polarstern
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.dsr.2008.06.006
ISSN: 0967-0637
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 20 May 2010 10:44
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2016 12:13
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/7232

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