Spore release in /Acrochaetium/ sp. is bacterially controlled.

Weinberger, Florian , Beltran, J., Correa, J., Lion, U., Pohnert, G., Kumar, N., Steinberg, P., Kloareg, B. and Potin, B. (2007) Spore release in /Acrochaetium/ sp. is bacterially controlled. Journal of Phycology, 43 . pp. 235-241. DOI 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2007.00329.x.

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Abstract

The facultative red algal epiphyte Acrochaetium sp. liberated spores preferentially and recruited more successfully in laboratory cultures when its host Gracilaria chilensis C. J. Bird, McLachlan et E. C. Oliveira was present. The same effect was also induced by cell-free medium from G. chilensis, suggesting it contained a molecular signal. Antibiotics prevented spore release in Acrochaetium sp., even when G. chilensis was present, suggesting a prokaryotic origin of the signal. Simultaneous application of N-butyl-homoserine-lactone (BHL) restored the spore-release capacity, which demonstrated that spore release was not directly inhibited by the antibiotics and indicated that bacterially generated N-acyl-homoserine-lactones (AHLs) regulate spore release. An involvement of AHL was further indicated by the fact that two different halofuranone inhibitors of AHL receptors also inhibited spore release when they were applied at relatively low concentrations. Of seven different AHLs tested, only BHL induced the effect. However, BHL was only active at relatively high concentrations (100 μM), and it was not detected in spore-release-inducing medium of G. chilensis. Another water-soluble AHL or an AHL structure analog is therefore probably the active compound in G. chilensis cultures. The data presented demonstrate that life cycle completion in Acrochaetium sp. strongly depends on bacteria, which are not always present in sufficient numbers on the alga itself. Exogenous bacteria that are associated with G. chilensis or with other potential substrates may therefore trigger timely spore liberation in Acrochaetium sp., provided that the necessary concentration of AHL is reached. This first finding of AHL perception in a red alga confirms that AHL signalling is more widespread among eukaryotes than was thought until recently. However, spore release of a second red alga, Sahlingia subintegra (Rosenv.) Kornmann, was unaffected by AHL, and the reaction observed is therefore not universal.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Acrochaetium; epiphytism; Gracilaria; halofuranone; N-acyl-homoserine-lacto- ne; Sahlingia; sporulation
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2007.00329.x
ISSN: 0022-3646
Projects: Future Ocean, INCO-EPIFIGHT
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 11:35
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/7338

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