Biological processes and links to the physics.

Hinrichsen, Hans-Harald (2009) Biological processes and links to the physics. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56 . pp. 1868-1983. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.11.008.

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Abstract

Analysis of the temporal and spatial variability of biological processes and identification of the main variables that drive the dynamic regime of marine ecosystems is complex. Correlation between physical variables and long-term changes in ecosystems has routinely been identified, but the specific mechanisms involved remain often unclear. Reasons for this could be various: the ecosystem can be very sensitive to the seasonal timing of the anomalous physical forcing; the ecosystem can be contemporaneously influenced by many physical variables and the ecosystem can generate intrinsic variability on climate time scales. Marine ecosystems are influenced by a variety of physical factors, e.g., light, temperature, transport, turbulence. Temperature has a fundamental forcing function in biology, with direct influences on rate processes of organisms and on the distribution of mobile species that have preferred temperature ranges. Light and transport also affect the physiology and distribution of marine organisms. Small-scale turbulence determines encounter between larval fish and their prey and additionally influences the probability of successful pursuit and ingestion.

The impact of physical forcing variations on biological processes is studied through long-term observations, process studies, laboratory experiments, retrospective analysis of existing data sets and modelling. This manuscript reviews the diversity of physical influences on biological processes, marine organisms and ecosystems and their variety of responses to physical forcing with special emphasis on the dynamics of zooplankton and fish stocks.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Environmental variability, migration, TRANSPORT, Coupled processes, Individual-based models, predictability
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.11.008
ISSN: 0967-0645
Projects: GLOBEC, UNCOVER, PROTECT, BECAUSE
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2009 09:26
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 12:52
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/7856

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