Representation of convective plumes by vertical adjustment.

Klinger, Barry A., Marshall, John and Send, Uwe (1996) Representation of convective plumes by vertical adjustment. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 101 (C8). pp. 18175-18182. DOI 10.1029/96JC00861.

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Abstract

Open‐ocean deep‐water formation involves the interplay of two dynamical processes; plumes (≤1 km wide), driven by “upright” convection, and geostrophic eddies (≥5 km wide), driven by baroclinic instability. Numerical “twin” experiments are used to address two questions about the plumes: Can they be represented by a simple mixing process in large‐scale models? If so, is it important that the mixing occurs over a finite time tmix, or would instantaneous mixing produce the same effect on large‐scale properties? In numerical simulations which resolve the geostrophic eddies, we represent the plumes with a “slow” convective adjustment algorithm which is broadly equivalent to an enhanced vertical diffusivity of density in statically unstable regions. The diffusivity κ depends on tmix, the mixing timescale. The fidelity of the plume parameterization is then evaluated by comparison with plume‐resolving simulations of open‐ocean deep convection. Integral properties of the plumes, such as the temperature census of the convected water and the strength of the rim current that encircles the convecting region, are all accurately reproduced by the slow adjustment scheme. The importance of choosing an appropriate finite value for tmix is explored by setting tmix = 12 hours in some experiments, in accordance with scaling considerations, and tmix = 0 in others, corresponding to instantaneous adjustment, the conventional assumption. In the case of convection into a moderately or strongly stratified ocean the behavior does not significantly depend on tmix. However, in neutral conditions the slow adjustment does improve the parametric representation. Our experiments confirm the picture of plumes homogenizing the water column over a time tmix.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > Institute for Marine Science Kiel
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/96JC00861
ISSN: 2169-9275
Projects: MAST
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2008 11:16
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2018 09:19
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/8102

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