Dewatering through mud mounds on the continental fore-arc of Costa Rica.

Fekete, Noemi (2006) Dewatering through mud mounds on the continental fore-arc of Costa Rica. (Doctoral thesis/PhD), Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Kiel, Germany, 171 pp.

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Abstract

This work studies the contribution and significance of mud mounds in the dewatering of the continental fore-arc in an erosive subduction system. Through the analysis of multibeam bathymetric, narrow-beam sediment echosounder, and multi-channel seismic data, the main goals are to determine the structure and mechanism of mud domes investigated at two study areas, and to identify and locate alternative fluid pathways through the subsurface. Structural investigations near a single large mound reveal it to be of diapiric origin. Based on the observed deformation and sediment deposition patterns in its vicinity, a local tectonic model of the Mound Culebra area is constructed. Thermal modelling in the area, allowed by a widespread presence of clathrates in the subsurface, helps identify probable locations of heat and fluid advection as well as evaluate their relative importance. These results are compared to those from a second study area, the differences revealing a significant effect of subducting seafloor topography on the deformation and dewatering patterns of the fore-arc. A possible fate of mud mounds on the Central American margin is also outlined.

Document Type: Thesis (Doctoral thesis/PhD)
Thesis Advisors: Reston, Timothy J. and Grevemeyer, Ingo
Keywords: Geodynamics; mud diapir, dewatering , subduction zone, seismo-acoustic data, BSR-derived heat flow, gas hydrates, Costa Rica
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 574 > B2
OceanRep > SFB 574
Open Access Journal?: Yes
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2010 11:21
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2012 15:13
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/8668

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