Applicability of statistical eruption analysis to the geologic record of Villarrica and Lanin volcanoes, Southern Volcanic Zone, Chile.

Wehrmann, Heidi and Dzierma, Yvonne (2011) Applicability of statistical eruption analysis to the geologic record of Villarrica and Lanin volcanoes, Southern Volcanic Zone, Chile. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 200 . pp. 99-115. DOI 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.11.009.

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Abstract

Standard stochastic failure-analysis techniques are applied to the geological eruption records of Villarrica and
Lanín volcanoes in the Chilean Southern Volcanic Zone. These statistical methods are used to estimate the
probabilities of eruptions large enough to leave a trace in the geological record. For Villarrica, the standard
lifetime distributions predict a near 100% probability that such an eruption should have occurred between
489 AD and today. If the VEI=3 eruptions observed in the historical record are large enough to be preserved
in the geological record, the probability of such a future eruption of Villarrica is about 20% in the next
100 years.
In the case of Lanín, the applicability of the exponential, Weibull and log-logistic distributions to the
geological record is doubtful, since the volcano appears to have experienced alternating high- and lowactivity
regimes. Only the mixture-of-exponentials distribution can take into account the possible dormancy
descending to final extinction, resulting in a probability of about 16% that Lanín will ever erupt again in the
future.
The contrasting behaviour of the eruption records of these two neighbouring volcanoes in terms of the
number of eruptions and the length of the repose-time intervals serves to examine to what extent the method
can be applied to geological eruption records. This study contributes to directing statistical eruption analysis
towards time scales long enough to investigate large-magnitude eruptions, and it includes the possibility of
dormancy/extinction.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Volcanology; Eruption time series, statistical eruption forecast, Chilean Southern Volcanic Zone, volcanic hazard assessment
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 574 > C2
OceanRep > SFB 574
OceanRep > SFB 574 > A2
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.11.009
ISSN: 0377-0273
Projects: SFB574
Contribution Number:
ProjectNumber
SFB 574193
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2010 10:52
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 12:03
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/8701

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