Abundances and distributions of the dominant nifH phylotypes in the Northern Atlantic Ocean.

Langlois, R. J., Hümmer, Diana and LaRoche, Julie (2008) Abundances and distributions of the dominant nifH phylotypes in the Northern Atlantic Ocean. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 74 (6). pp. 1922-1931. DOI 10.1128/AEM.01720-07.

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Understanding the factors that influence the distribution and abundance of marine diazotrophs is important in order to assess their role in the oceanic nitrogen cycle. Environmental DNA samples from four cruises to the North Atlantic Ocean, covering a sampling area of 0°N to 42°N and 67°W to 13°W, were analyzed for the presence and amount of seven nifH phylotypes using real-time quantitative PCR and TaqMan probes. The cyanobacterial phylotypes dominated in abundance (94% of all nifH copies detected) and were the most widely distributed. The filamentous cyanobacterial type, which included both Trichodesmium and Katagnymene, was the most abundant (51%), followed by group A, an uncultured unicellular cyanobacterium (33%), and gamma A, an uncultured gammaproteobacterium (6%). Group B, unicellular cyanobacterium Crocosphaera, and group C Cyanothece-like phylotypes were not often detected (6.9% and 2.3%, respectively), but where present, could reach high concentrations. Gamma P, another uncultured gammaproteobacterium, was seldom detected (0.5%). Water temperature appeared to influence the distribution of many nifH phylotypes. Very high (up to 1 × 106 copies liter−1) nifH concentrations of group A were detected in the eastern basin (25 to 17°N, 27 to 30°W), where the temperature ranged from 20 to 23°C. The highest concentrations of filamentous phylotypes were measured between 25 and 30°C. The uncultured cluster III phylotype was uncommon (0.4%) and was associated with mean water temperatures of 18°C. Diazotroph abundance was highest in regions where modeled average dust deposition was between 1 and 2 g/m2/year.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Marine Biology; marine diazotrophs; oceanic nitrogen cycle; R.V. Meteor; R.V. Poseidon; POS284; M60
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1128/AEM.01720-07
ISSN: 0099-2240
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2010 09:03
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2016 13:52
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/9072

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