Effect of water on the dislocation creep microstructure and flow stress of quartz and implications for the recrystallized grain size piezometer.

Stipp, Michael, Tullis, Jan and Behrens, Harald (2006) Effect of water on the dislocation creep microstructure and flow stress of quartz and implications for the recrystallized grain size piezometer. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 111 . B04201. DOI 10.1029/2005JB003852.

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Abstract

Deformation experiments on Black Hills quartzite with three different initial water contents (as-is, water-added, and vacuum-dried) were carried out in the dislocation creep regime in order to evaluate the effect of water on the recrystallized grain size/flow stress piezometer. Samples were deformed in axial compression at temperatures of 750°–1100°C, strain rates between 2 × 10−7 s−1 and 2 × 10−4 s−1 and strains up to 46% using a molten salt assembly in a Griggs apparatus. An increase of the initial water content at otherwise constant deformation conditions caused a decrease in flow stress, an effect known as hydrolytic weakening. The total water content of the starting material was analyzed by Karl Fischer titration (KFT) and Fourier transform infrared (IR) spectroscopy, and quenched samples were analyzed microstructurally and by IR. Changes in the dynamic recrystallization microstructure correlate with changes in flow stress, but there is no independent effect of temperature, strain rate or water content. IR absorption spectra of the deformed spectra indicate that different water contents were maintained in the three sample sets throughout the experiments. However, the amounts of water measured within the vacuum-dried (∼260 ± 40 ppm H2O), the as-is (∼340 ± 50 ppm H2O), and the water-added (∼430 ± 110 ppm H2O) samples are significantly smaller than the initial content of the quartzite (∼640 ± 50 ppm H2O). Water from the inclusions in the starting material adds to the free fluid phase along the grain boundaries, which probably controls the water fugacity and the flow strength, but this water is largely lost during IR sample preparation. Vacuum-dried as well as water-added samples have the same recrystallized grain size/flow stress relationship as the piezometer determined for as-is samples. No independent effect of water on the piezometric relationship has been detected.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Geology; dislocation creep, piezometer, recrystallized grain size, quartz, WATER, deformation experiment; quartz, piezometer, dislocation creep, water weakening, recrystallization microstructure, FTIR spectroscopy; tectonophysics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2005JB003852
ISSN: 0148-0227
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2018 12:20
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/957

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