Vegetation on the Sunda Shelf, South China Sea, during the Last Glacial Maximum.

Wang, X. M., Sun, X. J., Wang, P. X. and Stattegger, Karl (2009) Vegetation on the Sunda Shelf, South China Sea, during the Last Glacial Maximum. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 278 (1-4). pp. 88-97. DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.04.008.

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Abstract

Pollen and phytoliths from sediment cores 5018300, 18302 and 18323 on the continental shelf of the southern South China Sea are analyzed, with special attention to reconstructing vegetation and climate changes on the Sunda Shelf during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). The LGM pollen assemblages are characterized by high percentages of pollen from the lowland rain forests and lower montane rainforests, suggesting that the exposed shelf was covered with humid vegetation. A marshy vegetation (with plants of sedges, reeds, bamboo, etc.) developed in the valley along the North Sunda River, and around the marshes were distributed palms and a variety of ferns including tree ferns (Cyathea). The climate during the LGM inferred from the vegetation was cooler than that at the present day, but no significant decrease in humidity was recorded, at least the change was not sufficient to prevent the growth of rainforest. Finally, the observed fluctuations in percentage of mangrove pollen are considered as a sensitive indicator of coastline migrations on the Sunda Shelf. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: sunda shelf; pollen and spores; vegetation; lgm; phytolith assemblages; western pacific; quaternary; asia; history; australia; highlands; ndonesia; climate cycles
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2009.04.008
ISSN: 0031-0182
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2010 10:31
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2019 08:04
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/9825

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