Hafnium isotopic variations in East Atlantic intraplate volcanism.

Geldmacher, Jörg , Hoernle, Kaj , Hanan, Barry B., Blicher-Toft, Janne, Hauff, Folkmar, Gill, James B. and Schmincke, Hans-Ulrich (2011) Hafnium isotopic variations in East Atlantic intraplate volcanism. Open Access Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 162 (1). pp. 21-36. DOI 10.1007/s00410-010-0580-5.

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Abstract

The broad belt of intraplate volcanism in the East Atlantic between 25° and 37° N is proposed to have formed by two adjacent hotspot tracks (the Madeira and Canary tracks) that possess systematically different isotopic signatures reflecting different mantle source compositions. To test this model, Hf isotope ratios from volcanic rocks from all individual islands and all major seamounts are presented in this study. In comparison with published Nd isotope variations (6 εNd units), 176Hf/177Hf ratios span a much larger range (14 εHf units). Samples from the proposed Madeira hotspot track have the most radiogenic Hf isotopic compositions (176Hf/177Hfm up to 0.283335), extending across the entire field for central Atlantic MORB. They form a relatively narrow, elongated trend on the Nd vs. Hf isotope diagram (stretching over >10 εHf units) between a depleted N-MORB-like endmember and a moderately enriched composition located on, or slightly below, the Nd–Hf mantle array, which overlaps the proposed "C" mantle component of Hanan and Graham (1996). In contrast, all samples from the Canary hotspot track plot below the mantle array (176Hf/177Hfm = 0.282943–0.283067) and form a much denser cluster with less compositional variation (~4 εHf units). The cluster falls between (1) a low Hf isotope HIMUlike endmember, (2) a more depleted composition, and (3) the moderately enriched end of the Madeira trend. The new Hf isotope data confirm the general geochemical distinction of the Canary and Madeira domains in the East Atlantic. Both domains, however, seem to share a common, moderately enriched endmember that has "C"-like isotope compositions and is believed to represent subducted, <1-Ga-old oceanic lithosphere (oceanic crust and possibly minor sediment addition). The lower 176Hf/177Hf ratio of the enriched, HIMU-like Canary domain endmember indicates the contribution of oceanic lithosphere with somewhat older recycling ages of >=1 Ga.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Volcanology; East Central Atlantic, Hf-isotopes, hotspots, mantle geochemistry, Madeira Island, Canary Islands
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00410-010-0580-5
ISSN: 0010-7999
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2010 11:46
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2016 12:14
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/10110

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