Depths of Partial Crystallization of H2O-bearing MORB: Phase Equilibria simulations of Basalts at the MAR near Ascension Island (7-11°S).

Almeev, Renat, Holtz, Francois, Koepke, Jürgen, Haase, Karsten and Devey, Colin W. (2008) Depths of Partial Crystallization of H2O-bearing MORB: Phase Equilibria simulations of Basalts at the MAR near Ascension Island (7-11°S). Journal of Petrology, 49 (1). pp. 25-45. DOI 10.1093/petrology/egm068.

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Abstract

Phase equilibria simulations were performed on naturally quenched basaltic glasses to determine crystallization conditions prior to eruption of magmas at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) east of Ascension Island (7–11°S). The results indicate that mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) magmas beneath different segments of the MAR have crystallized over a wide range of pressures (100–900 MPa). However, each segment seems to have a specific crystallization history. Nearly isobaric crystallization conditions (100–300 MPa) were obtained for the geochemically enriched MORB magmas of the central segments, whereas normal (N)-MORB magmas of the bounding segments are characterized by polybaric crystallization conditions (200–900 MPa). In addition, our results demonstrate close to anhydrous crystallization conditions of N-MORBs, whereas geochemically enriched MORBs were successfully modeled in the presence of 0·4–1 wt% H2O in the parental melts. These estimates are in agreement with direct (Fourier transform IR) measurements of H2O abundances in basaltic glasses and melt inclusions for selected samples. Water contents determined in the parental melts are in the range 0·04–0·09 and 0·30–0·55 wt% H2O for depleted and enriched MORBs, respectively. Our results are in general agreement (within ±200 MPa) with previous approaches used to evaluate pressure estimates in MORB. However, the determination of pre-eruptive conditions of MORBs, including temperature and water content in addition to pressure, requires the improvement of magma crystallization models to simulate liquid lines of descent in the presence of small amounts of water.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: MORB, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, depth of crystallization, water abundances, phase equilibria calculations, cotectic crystallization, pressure estimates, polybaric fractionation
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1093/petrology/egm068
ISSN: 0022-3530
Projects: Future Ocean, SPP 1144 "From Mantle to Ocean"
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2018 10:08
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/1085

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