Currents and Transports of the Great Whirl-Socotra Gyre System during the Summer Monsoon August 1993.

Fischer, Jürgen , Schott, Friedrich and Stramma, Lothar (1996) Currents and Transports of the Great Whirl-Socotra Gyre System during the Summer Monsoon August 1993. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 101 (C2). pp. 3573-3587. DOI 10.1029/95JC03617.

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Abstract

From August 11 to 22, 1993, a conductivity‐temperature‐depth/acoustic Doppler current profiler survey was carried out in the Somali‐Socotra region to investigate currents and transports associated with the Great Whirl and Socotra Gyre circulation during the height of the summer monsoon. The monsoon circulation was confined to the upper 300 m depth, with intense surface currents up to 2.2 m s−1 in the Great Whirl and up to 1.4 m s−1 in the Socotra Gyre. Deeper‐reaching flow was found in the northwestern part of the Somali Basin and in the passage between the shelf of Somalia and Abd al Kuri. The Great Whirl transport was 58 Sv, of which nearly 25% were due to ageostrophic flow components. The northern part of the Great Whirl thereby appeared as a closed circulation cell in which the offshore transport was balanced by a southward transport of the same magnitude. Upwelled water was advected from the cold wedge of the upwelling regime at the Somali coast along the edge of the gyre. The water in the center of the gyre had the characteristics of Indian Equatorial Water (IEW). The Socotra Gyre carried 23 Sv of modified Arabian Sea Water (ASW). With the transports in the two anticyclonic gyres nearly balanced, the exchange of water masses between the Somali Basin, west of the Carlsberg Ridge, and the Arabian Sea occurred in two areas; about 16 Sv of warm and saline surface water of southern offshore origin entered the northern Somali Basin within a 120‐km‐wide swift current between the Great Whirl and the Socotra Gyre. The other key region for the exchange of water masses was the passage between Somalia and Abd al Kuri. There, the total northward transport was 13 Sv, with contributions of IEW, of upwelled water close to the surface, and ASW underneath.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/95JC03617
ISSN: 2169-9275
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2008 11:15
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2019 10:49
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/1367

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