Geotechnical behavior of mudstones from the Shimanto and Boso accretionary complexes, and implications for the Nankai accretionary prism.

Schumann, Kai, Behrmann, Jan H. , Stipp, Michael, Yamamoto, Yuzuru, Kitamura, Yujin and Lempp, Christof (2014) Geotechnical behavior of mudstones from the Shimanto and Boso accretionary complexes, and implications for the Nankai accretionary prism. Earth, Planets and Space, 66 (1). p. 129. DOI 10.1186/1880-5981-66-129.

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Triaxial shear tests on mudstone samples from the Shimanto Belt and the Boso accretionary complexes (SW Japan and central Japan) were carried out. Pre-exhumation burial depths in the two paleo-accretionary prisms were up to
9,000 m and about 1,000 m for the Shimanto and the Boso samples, respectively. Three methods were applied:
(1) pressure stepping tests at increasing confining pressures between 25 and 65 MPa and pore pressures between 20 and 52 MPa; (2) constant confining pressure tests at 55 and 65 MPa, with stepwise pore pressure decrease from
80% to 50% and 25%, and from 90% to 60% and 30% of the confining pressure; and (3) a cyclic loading test on one sample from Boso (19 cycles to 70-MPa differential stress). After some contraction due to pressurization in the
first cycles, the sample showed tendencies to creep rather than to fracture.
Effective shear parameters show that angles of internal friction between 30° and 50° are in part quite high in both sample subsets, and ranges of cohesion are between about 2 and 6 MPa (Boso) and 13 and >30 MPa (Shimanto).
The mechanical results from these paleo-accretionary prisms are taken to constrain the shear parameters of rocks in the deeper parts of the present Nankai accretionary wedge and forearc. Static friction resembles results from
experiments on a wide range of phyllosilicate-quartz-feldspar gouges and shows that the forearc is composed of relatively strong rock. Cohesion increase due to diagenesis and/or very low grade metamorphism is of overriding
importance and probably permits stresses of up to 18 MPa to be transmitted to the updip end of the seismogenic zone at depth and 5 to 13 MPa to the backstop of the actively deforming frontal prism.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000345451800001
Keywords: Shimanto Belt; Boso accretionary prism; Nankai; IODP; Triaxial shear test; Mudstone; Subduction zone
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1186/1880-5981-66-129
ISSN: 1343-8832
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 11:22
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2016 09:33

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