Submarine Groundwater Discharge at a Single Spot Location: Evaluation of Different Detection Approaches.

Schubert, Michael, Scholten, Jan, Schmidt, Axel, Comanducci, Jean Francois, Mai Khanh, Pham, Mallast, Ulf and Knoeller, Kay (2014) Submarine Groundwater Discharge at a Single Spot Location: Evaluation of Different Detection Approaches. Water, 6 (3). pp. 584-601. DOI 10.3390/w6030584.

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Submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) into the ocean is of general interest because it acts as vehicle for the transport of dissolved contaminants and/or nutrients into the coastal sea and because it may be accompanied by the loss of significant volumes of freshwater. Due to the large-scale and long-term nature of the related hydrological processes, environmental tracers are required for SGD investigation. The water parameters of electrical conductivity and temperature, the naturally occurring radionuclides of radon and radium as well as the stable water isotopes O-18 and H-2 have proven in previous studies their general suitability for the detection and quantification of SGD. However, individual hydrogeological settings require a site-specific application of this tool box. This study evaluates and compares the applicability of the abovementioned tracers for investigating SGD from a distinct submarine source in a karst environment at Cabbe, southern France. The specific advantages and disadvantages of each individual parameter under the given hydrogeological conditions are discussed. Radon appeared to be the most suitable environmental tracer in the site specific context. The water temperature was less reliable due to the little temperature difference between seawater and groundwater and since the diurnal variation of the air temperature masks potential SGD signals. Radium isotopes are less applicable in the studied region due to the lack of a well-developed subterranean estuary. The stable water isotopes showed results consistent with the salinity and radon data; however, the significantly higher effort required for stable isotope analyses is disadvantageous. A multi-temporal thermal remote sensing approach proved to be a powerful tool for initial SGD surveying.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 2 0 2
Keywords: submarine groundwater discharge; SGD; environmental tracers; radon; radium; stable isotopes; multi-temporal thermal remote sensing
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R06
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.3390/w6030584
ISSN: 2073-4441
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 12:45
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 18:22

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