Differences between mono-generic and mixed diatom silicon isotope compositions trace present and past nutrient utilisation off Peru.

Doering, Kristin, Ehlert, Claudia, Grasse, Patricia , Crosta, Xavier, Fleury, Sophie, Frank, Martin and Schneider, Ralph (2016) Differences between mono-generic and mixed diatom silicon isotope compositions trace present and past nutrient utilisation off Peru. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 177 . pp. 30-47. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2015.12.029.

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In this study we combine for the first time silicon (Si) isotope compositions of small mixed diatom species (δ30SibSiO2) and of large handpicked mono-generic (i.e. genus = Coscinodiscus) diatom samples (δ30SiCoscino) with diatom assemblages extracted from marine sediments in the Peruvian upwelling region in order to constrain present and past silicate utilisation.

The extension of a previous core-top data set from the Peruvian shelf demonstrates that δ30SiCoscino values record near-complete Si utilisation, as these are similar to the isotopic composition of the subsurface source waters feeding the upwelling. In contrast, the δ30SibSiO2 of small mixed diatom species increase southward along the shelf as well as towards the shore. We attribute highest δ30SibSiO2 values partly to transient iron limitation but primarily to the gradual increase of Si isotope fractionation within the seasonal diatom succession, which are mainly recorded by small diatom species during intense bloom events. In contrast, lower δ30SibSiO2 values are related to initial Si isotope utilisation during periods of weak upwelling, when low Si(OH)4 concentrations do not permit intense blooms and small diatom species record substantially lower δ30Si signatures. As such, we propose that the intensity of the upwelling can be deduced from the offset between δ30SibSiO2 and δ30SiCoscino (Δ30Sicoscino–bSiO2), which is low for strong upwelling conditions and high for prevailing weak upwelling.

We apply the information extracted from surface sediments to generate a record of the present-day main upwelling region covering the past 17,700 years and find that this location has also been characterized by a persistent offset (Δ30Sicoscino–bSiO2). By comparison with the diatom assemblages we show that the coastal upwelling system changed markedly between weak and strong upwelling conditions. In addition, our model calculations to quantify species-specific Si isotope fractionation effects based on the diatom assemblages indicate an overall minor influence that cannot explain the high amplitude in the measured δ30SibSiO2 record.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000370969700002
Keywords: diatoms; upwelling; stable silicon isotopes; eastern equatorial Pacific; deglaciation; Holocene; RV Meteor; M77/2
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
OceanRep > SFB 754 > A6
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2015.12.029
ISSN: 0016-7037
Related URLs:
Projects: SFB754
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2016 09:20
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:12
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/31194

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