Drivers and pressures – Untangling the terms commonly used in marine science and policy.

Oesterwind, Daniel, Rau, Andrea and Zaiko, Anastasija (2016) Drivers and pressures – Untangling the terms commonly used in marine science and policy. Open Access Journal of Environmental Management, 181 . pp. 8-15. DOI 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.05.058.

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Supplementary data:


• Authors use inconsistent definitions of key terms like driver and pressure.
• An imprecise wording could induce misunderstanding between science and policy.
• We provide definitions of key terms compatible with the DPSIR approach.

In the marine sciences an increasing number of studies on environmental changes, their causes, and environmental assessments emerged in recent years. Often authors use non-uniform and inconsistent definitions of key terms like driver, threats, pressures etc. Although all of these studies clearly define causal dependencies between the interacting socio-economic and environmental systems in an understandable way, still an overall imprecise wording could induce misunderstanding at higher policy levels when it comes to integrated ecosystems assessments. Therefore we recommend using unified definitions for a better communication between science and management within national, regional and international environmental policies, for example the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). With this article we provide definitions compatible with the driver-pressure-state-impact-response (DPSIR) approach. Although most examples are MSFD related and thus have a marine focus the definitions are intended to be equally applicable for other systems and are usable world-wide. We suggest sticking to these definitions for an easy and simplified knowledge transfer from science to management, since DPSIR model is already accepted as a helpful tool for structuring and communicating ecosystem analyses.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: DPSIR; MSFD; Definition; Policy; Ecosystem-based management
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.05.058
ISSN: 0301-4797
Projects: BONUS BIO-C3
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2016 12:49
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 15:08

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