Magmatic Evolution and Source Variations at the Nifonea Ridge (New Hebrides Island Arc).

Lima, S. M., Haase, K. M., Beier, C., Regelous, M., Brandl, Philipp A. , Hauff, Folkmar and Krumm, S. (2017) Magmatic Evolution and Source Variations at the Nifonea Ridge (New Hebrides Island Arc). Journal of Petrology, 58 (3). pp. 473-494. DOI 10.1093/petrology/egx023.

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Abstract

The Nifonea submarine volcano rises 1000 m above the seafloor of the Vate Trough back-arc basin behind the New Hebrides island arc. This large volcanic edifice has a caldera of ∼8 km diameter and is connected to two ∼20 km long volcanic rift zones in the back-arc basin. We present new chemical and isotope data for volcanic glasses and whole-rocks from both the volcano and its rift zones. Lavas from Nifonea volcano show an evolution towards more incompatible element enrichment, with the most enriched lavas being the youngest eruption products on the caldera floor. These are products of significant fractional crystallization, show minor contamination by hydrothermal fluids (<0·3%) and reflect mixing of melts derived from depleted upper mantle and melts from an enriched source similar to those occurring in the North Fiji Basin. The enrichment in Nb of these lavas is comparable with that of some lavas from the New Hebrides island arc (e.g. Mota Lava island), where these coexist with typical island arc basalts. The lavas erupted along the rift zones in the Vate Trough back-arc basin are relatively depleted in incompatible elements, indicating melting of depleted upper mantle with a minor addition of a sediment-derived fluid. Our observations suggest that the mantle beneath Vate Trough is heterogeneous on a small scale (<20 km) and that the occurrence of these enriched and fertile mantle portions has a stronger control on melting processes than the influx from the subducting slab, as all samples were recovered at a similar distance from the trench.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: New Hebrides island arc, back-arc melting, mantle heterogeneity, Nb-enriched basalts
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems > Marine Mineralische Rohstoffe
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1093/petrology/egx023
ISSN: 0022-3530
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2017 07:03
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 14:59
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/38780

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