Metabolic versatility of a novel N2 -fixing Alphaproteobacterium isolated from a marine oxygen minimum zone.

Martínez-Pérez, Clara, Mohr, Wiebke, Schwedt, Anne, Dürschlag, Julia, Callbeck, Cameron M., Schunck, Harald, Dekaezemacker, Julien, Buckner, Caroline R. T., Lavik, Gaute, Fuchs, Bernhard M. and Kuypers, Marcel M. M. (2018) Metabolic versatility of a novel N2 -fixing Alphaproteobacterium isolated from a marine oxygen minimum zone. Environmental Microbiology, 20 . DOI 10.1111/1462-2920.14008.

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The N2-fixing (diazotrophic) community in marine ecosystems is dominated by non-cyanobacterial microorganisms. Yet, very little is known about their identity, function and ecological relevance due to a lack of cultured representatives. Here we report a novel heterotrophic diazotroph isolated from the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) off Peru. The new species belongs to the genus Sagittula (Rhodobacteraceae, Alphaproteobacteria) and its capability to fix N2 was confirmed in laboratory experiments. Genome sequencing revealed that it is a strict heterotroph with a high versatility in substrate utilization and energy acquisition mechanisms. Pathways for sulfide oxidation and nitrite reduction to nitrous oxide are encoded in the genome and might explain the presence throughout the Peruvian OMZ. The genome further indicates that this novel organism could be in direct interaction with other microbes or particles. NanoSIMS analyses were used to compare the metabolic potential of S. castanea with single-cell activity in situ; however, N2 fixation by this diazotroph could not be detected at the isolation site. While the biogeochemical impact of S. castanea is yet to be resolved, its abundance and widespread distribution suggests that its potential to contribute to the marine N input could be significant at a larger geographical scale.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R04
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/1462-2920.14008
ISSN: 1462-2912
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2018 08:27
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 18:26

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