Crustal structure of the central Sunda margin at the onset of oblique subduction.

Kopp, Heidrun , Flueh, Ernst R., Klaeschen, Dirk , Bialas, Jörg and Reichert, Christian (2001) Crustal structure of the central Sunda margin at the onset of oblique subduction. Open Access Geophysical Journal International, 147 (2). pp. 449-474. DOI 10.1046/j.0956-540x.2001.01547.x.

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The convergent margin of the central Sunda Arc in Indonesia was the target of a reflection and refraction seismic survey conducted in 1998 and 1999. Along two seismic lines across the subduction complex off southern Sumatra and off Sunda Strait, coincident multichannel and wide-angle data were collected, complemented by two refraction strike-lines in the forearc basin off Sumatra. The combined analysis of the acquired data allows us to present a detailed model of the subduction zone where initiation of strain partitioning occurs due to the onset of oblique subduction. The dip of the subducted plate is well defined along both dip-lines and a lateral increase from 5° to 7° from beneath the outer high off Sumatra to Sunda Strait is supported by complementary gravity modelling. The downgoing slab is traced to a depth of more than 30km. On both reflection dip-lines, a clearly developed backstop structure underlying a trench slope break defines the landward termination of the active accretionary prism and separates it from the outer high. Active subduction accretion is supported by laterally increasing velocities between the deformation front and the active backstop structure. Seismic velocities of the outer high are moderate along both lines (<5.8kms−1 at 20km depth), suggesting a sedimentary composition. Reduced reflectivity beneath a rugged top basement traced along the outer high of both dip-lines supports a high degree of deformation and material compaction. Several kilometres of sediment has accumulated in the forearc domain, although a distinct morphological basin is only recognized off southern Sumatra and is not developed off Sunda Strait. The bathymetric elevation of the Java shelf that is encountered in the southern Sunda Strait corresponds to increased velocities of a basement high there and is connected to extensional structures of the Sunda Strait transtensional basin. Differences observed in the morphology of the forearc domain are also reflected in the lower crustal structure. Off southern Sumatra, the velocity–depth model clearly indicates a continental-type crust underlying the forearc basin, whereas lower velocities are found beneath the Sunda Strait forearc domain. Off Sumatra, some 3-D constraint on the upper plate structure is gained from the refraction strike-lines, which in addition is supported by synthetic data modelling.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: active margin, crustal structure, seismic reflection, seismic refraction, subduction, Sunda Arc
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1046/j.0956-540x.2001.01547.x
ISSN: 0956-540X
Projects: GINCO
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2018 08:50
Last Modified: 16 Jul 2018 08:50

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