Detailed Analysis of Near Tectonic Features Along the East Pacific Rise at 16°N, Near the Mathematician Hot Spot.

Le Saout, Morgane , Thibaud, R. and Gente, P. (2018) Detailed Analysis of Near Tectonic Features Along the East Pacific Rise at 16°N, Near the Mathematician Hot Spot. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123 (6). pp. 4478-4499. DOI 10.1029/2017JB015301.

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Abstract

Spreading processes at the axes of fast spreading ridges are mainly controlled by magmatic activity, whereas tectonic activity dominates further away from the axis. High-resolution near-bottom bathymetry data, photographs, videos, and human observations from submersible surveys are used to develop a detailed tectonic analysis of the 16°N segment of the East Pacific Rise (EPR). These data are used to evaluate how a highly magmatic segment, close to a hot spot, affects the nucleation and evolution of faulting patterns and impacts the evaluation of tectonic strain within 2 km of the spreading axis. Our study shows that (1) the growth of tectonic features differs in response to dike intrusion and tectonic extension, (2) the initiation of brittle extension is strongly controlled by the location of the axial magma lens and the development of layer 2A, and (3) the high magmatic budget and the off-axis magma lens in the west part of the plateau do not significantly impact the initiation of brittle extension along the central portion of the 16°N segment. Within the axial summit region, more than 2% of plate separation at 16°N on the EPR is accommodated by brittle extension, as is observed at other EPR segments. The interaction of the Mathematician hot spot with this EPR segment has no significant influence on the initiation of the tectonic deformation, but it does reduce the development of the brittle deformation.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The data are available through the NAUTILUS portal (http://campagnes.flotteoceano-graphique.fr/ campagnes/10010020/).
Keywords: brittle deformation, dike intrusion, East Pacific Rise, faulting, mid-ocean ridge
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2017JB015301
ISSN: 0148-0227
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2018 07:36
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2019 13:24
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/44187

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