Patterns of Pacific decadal variability recorded by Indian Ocean corals.

Crueger, Traute, Zinke, Jens and Pfeiffer, Miriam (2009) Patterns of Pacific decadal variability recorded by Indian Ocean corals. Open Access International Journal of Earth Sciences, 98 (1). pp. 41-52. DOI 10.1007/s00531-008-0324-1.

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We investigate Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) signals recorded by two bimonthly resolved coral δ18O series from La Réunion and Ifaty (West Madagascar), Indian Ocean from 1882 to 1993. To isolate the main PDO frequencies, we apply a band pass filter to the time series passing only periodicities from 16 to 28 years. We investigate the covariance patterns of the coral time series with sea surface temperature (SST) and sea level pressure (SLP) of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In addition, the empirical orthogonal functions of the filtered SST and SLP fields (single and coupled) are related to the filtered coral times series. The covariance maps show the typical PDO pattern for SST and SLP, confirming the coupling between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Both corals show the strongest signal in boreal summer. The La Réunion (Ifaty) coral better records SST (SLP) than SLP (SST) pattern variability. We suggest that the filtered La Réunion coral δ18O represents δ18O of seawater that varies with the South Equatorial Current, which, in turn, is linked with the SST PDO. The filtered Ifaty coral δ18O represents SST and is remotely linked with the SLP PDO variability. A combined coral record of the Ifaty and La Réunion boreal summer δ18O series explains about 64% of the variance of the coupled SST/SLP PDO time series.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: corals; delta18O; Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO); Indian Ocean; South Equatorial Current (SEC); Mozambique Channel Eddies (MCE); climate reconstruction
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s00531-008-0324-1
ISSN: 1437-3254
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2009 11:40
Last Modified: 18 May 2017 11:22

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