A decade of methane measurements at the Boknis Eck Time Series Station in Eckernförde Bay (southwestern Baltic Sea).

Ma, Xiao, Sun, Mingshuang, Lennartz, Sinikka T. and Bange, Hermann W. (2020) A decade of methane measurements at the Boknis Eck Time Series Station in Eckernförde Bay (southwestern Baltic Sea). Open Access Biogeosciences (BG), 17 . pp. 3427-3438. DOI 10.5194/bg-17-3427-2020.

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Abstract

Coastal areas contribute significantly to the emissions of methane (CH4) from the ocean. In order to decipher its temporal variability in the whole water column, dissolved CH4 was measured on a monthly basis at the Boknis Eck Time-series Station (BE) located in the Eckernförde Bay (SW Baltic Sea) from 2006 to 2017. BE has a water depth of about 28 m and dissolved CH4 was measured at six water depths ranging from 0 to 25 m. In general CH4 concentrations increased with depth, indicating a sedimentary release of CH4. Pronounced enhancement of the CH4 concentrations in the bottom layer (15–25 m) was found during February, May–June and October. CH4 was not correlated with Chlorophyll a or O2 over the measurement period. Unusually high CH4 concentrations (of up to 696 nM) were sporadically observed in the upper layer (0–10 m) (e.g. in November 2013 and December 2014) and were coinciding with Major Baltic Inflow (MBI) events. Surface CH4 concentrations were always supersaturated throughout the monitoring period, indicating that the Eckernförde Bay is an intense but highly variable source of atmospheric CH4. We did not detect significant temporal trends in CH4 concentrations or emissions, despite of ongoing environmental changes such as warming and deoxygenation in the Eckernförde Bay. Overall, the CH4 variability at BE is driven by a complex interplay of various biological and physical processes.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/bg-17-3427-2020
ISSN: 1726-4170
Related URLs:
Projects: BONUS INTEGRAL, Boknis Eck, MEMENTO
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2020 08:06
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2020 12:48
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/49332

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