New constraints on the age and evolution of the Wishbone Ridge, southwest Pacific Cretaceous microplates, and Zealandia-West Antarctica breakup.

Mortimer, N., Hoernle, Kaj A. , Hauff, Folkmar, Palin, J. M., Dunlap, W. J., Werner, R. and Faure, K. (2006) New constraints on the age and evolution of the Wishbone Ridge, southwest Pacific Cretaceous microplates, and Zealandia-West Antarctica breakup. Geology, 34 (3). pp. 185-188. DOI 10.1130/G22168.1.

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Abstract

We present analytical results from four dredge locations across the eastern Zealandia continental margin and adjacent ocean crust. The 115 Ma dacites dredged from the West Wishbone Ridge (WWR) are isotopically primitive, weakly adakitic, slab-derived lavas. The 97 Ma A-type granites and a basalt from the easternmost Chatham Rise enlarge the known area of postsubduction Gondwana magmatism. Amphibolite-grade schists from a fault block south of the Chatham Rise provide a critical bridge between the Zealandia and West Antarctica belts of Jurassic–Cretaceous accretionary prism rocks. The new recognition of the WWR as a remnant of a 115 Ma intraoceanic subduction system means that previous hypotheses of the WWR as a fracture zone or spreading ridge require modification. The dacite ages constrain the start of Osbourn Trough spreading, which caused breakup of the Hikurangi-Manihiki igneous plateau, to before 115 Ma. We speculate that, after 115 Ma, the WWR was rifted by an intraoceanic spreading center that developed along its southeast side. Impingement of this spreading center against the Gondwana margin led to widespread 95–100 Ma postsubduction magmatism, variable lithospheric stretching, and ultimately continental splitting of Zealandia and West Antarctica across basement trends.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Cretaceous, southwest Pacific, Gondwana, dating, geochemistry, tectonics
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1130/G22168.1
ISSN: 0091-7613
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:50
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 13:30
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/6002

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