Joint Inversion of Active and Passive Seismic Data in Central Java.

Wagner, Diana, Koulakov, I., Rabbel, Wolfgang, Luehr, B.-G., Wittwer, Andreas, Kopp, Heidrun , Bohm, M. and Asch, G. and MERAMEX Scientists (2007) Joint Inversion of Active and Passive Seismic Data in Central Java. Open Access Geophysical Journal International, 170 (2). pp. 923-932. DOI 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03435.x.

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Abstract

Seismic and volcanic activities in Central Java, Indonesia, the area of interest of this study, are directly or indirectly related to the subduction of the Indo-Australian plate. In the framework of the MERapi AMphibious EXperiments (MERAMEX), a network consisting of about 130
seismographic stations was installed onshore and offshore in Central Java and operated for more than 150 days. In addition, 3-D active seismic experiments were carried out offshore. In this paper, we present the results of processing combined active and passive seismic data,
which contain traveltimes from 292 local earthquakes and additional airgun shots along three offshore profiles. The inversion was performed using the updated LOTOS-06 code that allows processing for active and passive source data. The joint inversion of the active and passive data
set considerably improves the resolution of the upper crust, especially in the offshore area in comparison to only passive data. The inversion results are verified using a series of synthetic tests. The resulting images showan exceptionally strong low-velocity anomaly (−30 per cent) in
the backarc crust northward of the active volcanoes. In the upper mantle beneath the volcanoes, we observe a low-velocity anomaly inclined towards the slab, which probably reflects the paths of fluids and partially melted materials in the mantle wedge. The crust in the forearc appears to be strongly heterogeneous. The onshore part consists of two high-velocity blocks separated by a narrow low-velocity anomaly, which can be interpreted as a weakened contact zone between two rigid crustal bodies. The recent Java Mw = 6.3 earthquake (2006/05/26-UTC) occurred at
the lower edge of this zone. Its focal strike slip mechanism is consistent with the orientation of this contact.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Seismology; Meeresgeologie; Volcanology; Indonesia, joint inversion, subduction zone, Sunda Arc, tomography, volcanic structure
Research affiliation: Kiel University
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03435.x
ISSN: 0956-540X
Projects: Future Ocean, GEOTECHNOLOGIEN
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 20:24
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/6887

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