Annual Rossby waves in the Arabian Sea from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter and in-situ data.

Brandt, Peter , Stramma, Lothar , Schott, Friedrich, Fischer, Jürgen , Dengler, Marcus and Quadfasel, Detlef (2002) Annual Rossby waves in the Arabian Sea from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter and in-situ data. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 49 (7). pp. 1197-1210. DOI 10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00166-7.

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Sea-surface height data acquired by the TOPEX/POSEIDON satellite over the Arabian Sea from October 1992 to October 1998 are analyzed. Strong seasonal fluctuations are found between 61 and 101N, which are mainly associated
with westward propagating annual Rossby waves radiated from the western side of the Indian subcontinent and that are continuously forced by the action of the wind-stress curl over the central Arabian Sea. An analysis of hydrographic
data acquired during August 1993 and during January 1998 at 81N in the Arabian Sea reveals the existence of first- and second-mode annual Rossby waves. These waves, which can be traced as perturbations in the density fields, have
wavelengths of 12�103 and 4.4�103km as well as phase velocities of 0.38 and 0.14 m/s, respectively. The waves are associated with a time-dependent meridional overturning cell that sloshes water northward and southward. Between 581 and 681E in the central Arabian Sea, we found a Rossby-wave induced transport in the upper 500m of about 10 Sv southward in August 1993 and northward in January 1998. Below 2000 m, there was still a northward transport of
3.2 Sv in August 1993 and a southward transport of 4.8 Sv in January 1998. A comparison of steric height differences between August 1993 and January 1998 calculated from the observed density fields as well as calculated from the
reconstructed density fields using first- and second-mode annual Rossby waves agree quite well with the corresponding sea-surface height differences. Implications resulting from the reflection of annual Rossby waves, like fluctuations of the western boundary currents, are discussed.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: R.V. Sonne; SO89; SO128
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00166-7
ISSN: 0967-0645
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2020 09:28

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