The Java margin revisited: Evidence for subduction erosion off Java.

Kopp, Heidrun , Flueh, Ernst R., Petersen, Carl Jörg, Weinrebe, Reimer Wilhelm and Wittwer, Andreas and Meramex Scientists (2006) The Java margin revisited: Evidence for subduction erosion off Java. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 242 (1-2). pp. 130-142. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.11.036.

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The eastern Sunda margin off Indonesia (from central Java to Sumba Island) remains a little investigated subduction zone, contrary to its well-studied northwestern segment. Whereas large portions of the Sunda margin are considered a classical accretionary zone, subduction characteristics along the central Java sector indicate erosive processes as the dominant mode of mass transfer. The tectonic framework of the central Java margin, with a convergence rate of 6.7 cm/yr, insignificant sediment input and a pronounced seafloor roughness where the oceanic Roo Rise is subducting underneath Java, facilitates subduction erosion. Evidence for erosion comes from newly acquired geophysical data off central Java: local erosive processes in the wake of seamount subduction are documented by a high-resolution bathymetric survey and result in an irregular trend of the deformation front sculpted by seamount collision scars. Subduction of oceanic basement relief leads to large-scale uplift of the forearc, as recorded on a reflection seismic profile, and to a dismemberment of the previous outer forearc high, giving way to isolated topographic elevations. The broad retreat of the Java Trench and deformation front above the leading edge of the Roo Rise has exposed an area of approximately 25,000 km2 of deeper seafloor formerly covered by the previous frontal prism. Frontal erosion coincides with a steepening of the lower slope angle in the central Java sector compared to the neighbouring segments. In global compilations, the key geological parameters of the central Java margin lie in the erosive regime, reflecting the interplay of basement relief subduction, negligible sediment supply and a high convergence rate on the evolution of the margin.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Java margin; subduction erosion; morphotectonics; high-resolution bathymetry; seamount subduction; taper analysis
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Elsevier
Projects: MERAMEX
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:51
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2017 09:59

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