Spatial distribution and flux of terrigenic He dissolved in the sediment pore water of Lake Van (Turkey).

Tomonaga, Yama, Brennwald, Matthias S. and Kipfer, Rolf (2011) Spatial distribution and flux of terrigenic He dissolved in the sediment pore water of Lake Van (Turkey). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75 (10). pp. 2848-2864. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2011.02.038.

[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S0016703711001189-main.pdf] Text
1-s2.0-S0016703711001189-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (947kB) | Contact

Supplementary data:


In this study, the largest ever carried out to measure noble gases in the pore water of unconsolidated sediments in lakes, the emission of terrigenic He through the sediment column of Lake Van was successfully mapped on the local scale. The main input of He to the water body occurs at the borders of a deep basin within the lake, which is probably the remains of a collapsed caldera. The 3He/4He3He/4He ratio identifies the He injected into the sedimentary column of Lake Van as a mixture of He released from a mantle source and radiogenic He of crustal origin (3He/4He∼2.6-4.1×10-6)(3He/4He∼2.6-4.1×10-6). During passage through the pore space, terrigenic He seems to be further enriched in radiogenic He that is most likely produced in the sediment column. In fact, two distinct trends in isotopic composition can be distinguished in the He injected from the lake basement into the sediments. One of these characterizes samples from the shallow water, the other characterizes samples from the deep basin. However, both of these trends are related to the same source of terrigenic He. The He fluxes determined seem to be characteristic of each sampling location and might be considered as a proxy for the fluid permeability of the deep sediment column. These new findings provide insight into the process of fluid transport within the sediments and into the process of formation of the lake basin. Moreover, the isotopic signature of the He that emanates into the water column of Lake Van is strongly affected by the mixing conditions prevailing in the overlying water body. This fact misled previous studies to interpret the terrigenic He in Lake Van as being solely of mantle origin (3He/4He∼10-5)(3He/4He∼10-5).

Document Type: Article
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Elsevier
Projects: FLOWS
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2014 10:22
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2014 10:22

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item