Development of glacial and interglacial conditions in the Nordic seas between 1.5 and 0.35 Ma.

Helmke, Jan, Bauch, Henning and Erlenkeuser, Helmut (2003) Development of glacial and interglacial conditions in the Nordic seas between 1.5 and 0.35 Ma. Quaternary Science Reviews, 22 (15-17). pp. 1717-1728. DOI 10.1016/S0277-3791(03)00126-4.

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Sedimentological and geochemical proxy records of a deep-sea sediment core from the southern central Nordic seas were used to reconstruct the development of glacial and interglacial conditions during the Early and Middle Pleistocene, i.e., late Matuyama to middle Brunhes Chron (1.5–0.35 Ma). An enhancement of both glacial and interglacial characteristics is observed during early Brunhes oxygen isotope stages (OIS) 16 and 15, respectively. Any intensification of the climatic conditions prior to this, as was previously described for the eastern part of the Nordic seas, is not recognized at our study site. It is further shown that the glacial–interglacial environmental contrasts increased from the early to the middle Bruhnes Chron. Of all glacial periods investigated OIS 12 is characterized by the most severe conditions, showing both maximum input of iceberg-rafted debris (IRD) as well as planktic foraminiferal δ18O values comparable to those of the Last Glacial Maximum. Among the interglaciations, OIS 11 is by far the longest interval and the first to show fully developed interglacial conditions, i.e., Holocene-like δ18O values and a minimum of IRD deposition. Hence, our comparison supports bottom water δ18O studies that have indicated the existence of a gradual intensification of glacial–interglacial climate contrasts during the Middle Pleistocene.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Nordic seas; Glacial and interglacial conditions; Early and Middle Pleistocene; Climatology
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Elsevier
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2016 09:32

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