Late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation and climate on the northern Taymyr Peninsula, Arctic Russia.

Andreev, Andrei A., Tarasov, Pavel E., Siegert, Christine, Ebel, Tobias, Klimanov, Vladimir A., Melles, Martin, Bobrov, Anatolya A., Derevagian, Alexander Yu., Lubinski, David J. and Hubberten, Hans-Wolfgang (2003) Late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation and climate on the northern Taymyr Peninsula, Arctic Russia. Boreas, 32 (3). pp. 484-505. DOI 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2003.tb01230.x.

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Pollen data from a Levinson-Lessing Lake sediment core (74°28'N, 98°38'E) and Cape Sabler, Taymyr Lake permafrost sequences (74°33'N, 100°32'E) reveal substantial environmental changes on the northern Taymyr Peninsula during the last c. 32000 14C years. The continuous records confirm that a scarce steppe-like vegetation with Poaceae, Artemisia and Cyperaceae dominated c. 32 000–10300 14C yr BP, while tundra-like vegetation with Oxyria, Ranunculaceae and Caryophyllaceae grew in wetter areas. The coldest interval occurred c. 18000 yr BP. Lateglacial pollen data show several warming events followed by a climate deterioration c. 10500 14C yr BP, which may correspond with the Younger Dryas. The Late Pleistocene/Holocene transition, c. 10300–10000 14C yr BP, is characterized by a change from the herb-dominated vegetation to shrubby tundra with Betula sect. Nanae and Salix. Alnus fruticosa arrived locally c. 9000–8500 14Cyr BP and disappeared c. 4000–3500 14Cyr BP. Communities of Betula sect. Nanae, broadly distributed at c. 10000–3500 14Cyr BP, almost disappeared when vegetation became similar to the modern herb tundra after 3500–3000 14Cyr BP. Quantitative climate reconstructions show Last Glacial Maximum summer temperature about 4°C below the present and Preboreal (c. 10 000 14C yr BP) temperature 2–4°C above the present. Maximum summer temperature occurred between 10 000 and 5500 14C yr BP; later summers were similar to present or slightly warmer.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Tamyr Peninsula; Environmental change; Holocene; Late Pleistocene
Research affiliation: HGF-AWI
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2015 11:22
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2015 15:15

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