Non-contact infrared temperature measurements in dry permafrost boreholes.

Junker, Ralf, Grigoriev, Mikhail N. and Kaul, Norbert (2008) Non-contact infrared temperature measurements in dry permafrost boreholes. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 113 . B04102. DOI 10.1029/2007JB004946.

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While planning the COAST Expedition to the Siberian Laptev Sea in 2005, the question of how to make a short equilibrium temperature measurement in a dry borehole arose. As a result, an infrared borehole tool was developed and used in three dry boreholes (up to 60.2 m deep) in the coastal transition zone from terrestrial to sub-sea permafrost near Mamontovy Klyk in the western Laptev Sea. A depth versus temperature profile was acquired with equilibration times of 50 × 10−3 s at each depth interval. Comparison with a common resistor string revealed an offset due to limitations of accuracy of the infrared technique and the influence of the probe's massive steel housing. Therefore it was necessary to calibrate the infrared sensor with a high precision temperature logger in each borehole. The results of the temperature measurements show a highly dynamic transition zone with temperature gradients up to −0.092°C/m and heat flow of −218 mW/m. A period of submergence of only 600 years the drilled sub-sea permafrost is approaching the overlying seawater temperature at −1.61°C with a temperature gradient of 0.021°C/m and heat flow of 49 mW/m. Further offshore, 11 km from the coastline, a temperature gradient of 0.006°C/m and heat flow of 14 mW/m occur. Thus the sub-sea permafrost in the Mamontovy Klyk region has reached a critical temperature for the presence of interstitial ice. The aim of this article is to give a brief feasibility study of infrared downhole temperature measurements and to present experiences and results of its successful application.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Frei zugänglich laut EZB
Keywords: Permafrost; Infrared; Subsea permafrost
Refereed: Yes
Publisher: AGU (American Geophysical Union)
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Polynya
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2015 11:07
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2015 11:12

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