A Geo Information System (GIS) for circum-arctic coastal dynamics.

Rachold, Volker, Lack, M. and Grigoriev, Mikhail N. (2003) A Geo Information System (GIS) for circum-arctic coastal dynamics. In: Permafrost: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Permafrost, 21-25 July 2003, Zurich, Switzerland. ; 2 , ed. by Phillips, Marcia, Springman, Sarah M. and Arenson, Lukas U.. Balkema, Lisse, The Netherlands, pp. 923-927. ISBN 90-5809-585-1

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Coastal erosion forms a major source of the sediment, organic carbon and nutrient flux into the arctic basin. Recent studies indicate that sediment input resulting from the erosion of ice-rich, permafrost-dominated coasts might be equal to or greater than river input. The program Arctic Coastal Dynamics (ACD) has been developed to improve our understanding of circum-arctic coastal dynamics as a function of environmental forcing, coastal geology, geocryology and morphodynamic behavior. Under this framework a circum-arctic Geo Information System (GIS) has been developed, which is applied to display generalized information on coastal characteristics and to analyse coastal material fluxes. The coastal GIS is based on a digital elevation model, which was constructed from the International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean, and permafrost parameters adopted from the Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System. A segmentation of the Laptev Sea coastline was performed as a first step towards a GIS-based quantification of the sediment and total organic carbon (TOC) fluxes resulting from coastal erosion.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: Arctic coastal dynamics; Coastal erosion; Sedimentation; Organic carbon; Nutrient flux
Research affiliation: HGF-AWI
Open Access Journal?: Yes
Publisher: Balkema
Related URLs:
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost, ACD, Arctic Coastal Dynamics
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2015 11:56
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2015 08:56
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/27976

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