Tolerance to climate change of early life-stage Fucus Vesiculosus varies among sibling groups.

Al-Janabi, Balsam, Kruse, Inken, Graiff, Angelika, Karsten, Ulf and Wahl, Martin (2015) Tolerance to climate change of early life-stage Fucus Vesiculosus varies among sibling groups. Open Access [Talk] In: 6. European Phycological Congress (EPC6). , 23.-28.08.2015, London, UK ; pp. 106-107 . DOI 10.1080/09670262.2015.1069489. European Journal of Phycology, 50 (Suppl. 1).

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Early life-stage of the bladderwrack Fucus vesiculosus is highly influenced by the climate change factors temperature, CO2 and eutrophication. Intraspecific genetic diversity of Baltic Fucus vesiculosus populations is low, compared to e.g. Atlantic populations, which may limit their potential for adaptation. To
assess the role of intraspecific genetic diversity on the tolerance towards environmental change we manipulated their diversity: Plots with full-sibling Keynote and Oral Papers 106 Downloaded by [University of Kiel] at 02:13 22 September 2015 groups of Fucus germlings each originating from one parental pair represents the low diversity level, whereas plots with sibling groups from multiple parental pairs represent the high diversity level. Climate change was simulated according to the year 2100 in the near-natural scenario Kiel Benthocosms by maintaining the environmental fluctuations of the Baltic Sea and adding 5°C warming, 600 μatm pCO2 and doubling the nutrient concentrations. Germlings
responded to warming with higher mortality and enhanced growth rates. High pCO2 concentrations
increased growth due to a fertilisation effect. Nonphotochemical quenching was lower under warmed than ambient temperatures. A positive co-tolerance among sibling groups towards warming and acidification indicates the possible attenuation in presence of the multiple factors. Considerable differences among sibling group performance indicate a higher adaptive potential for genetically diverse populations. The high diversity levels also showed higher survival, indicating possible facilitation processes among genotypes.
Microsatellite genotyping is in progress for revealing whether and how selection processes took place in high diversity levels. We conclude that impacts on early life-stage bladderwrack depend on the combination of stressors and season and that genetic variation
is crucial for local adaptation to climate change stress

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Talk)
Additional Information: Meeting Abstract WOS:000360244400179
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-B Experimental Ecology - Benthic Ecology
Open Access Journal?: Yes
Projects: BIOACID
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2015 09:55
Last Modified: 09 May 2016 07:53

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