Oxygen minimum zone induced rapid temporal fluctuations of Eastern Baltic cod genetic diversity.

Dierking, Jan , von Dewitz, Burkhard , Elsbernd, Laura, Schulz, Hendrik, Bracamonte, Seraina, Hüssy, Karin, Hemmer-Hansen, Jakob, Krumme, Uwe, Oeberst, Rainer, Hinrichsen, Hans-Harald and Reusch, Thorsten B. (2015) Oxygen minimum zone induced rapid temporal fluctuations of Eastern Baltic cod genetic diversity. Open Access [Paper] In: ICES Annual Science Conference 2015. , 21.-25.09.2015, Copenhagen, Denmark . ICES Council Meeting Papers, 2015 (Q:22).

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Oxygen minimum zones are increasing, yet the effects of these zones on the genetic composition of marine fish stocks has been neglected. We assessed the combined effects of stock size and structure, and the prevailing oxygen situation, on Eastern Baltic cod (ICES SD25) genetic diversity. For this purpose, we used an integrative long-term otolith sample and data series (1995-2013) to (1) calculate the approximate number of females with surviving eggs in a given year, i.e., contributing to reproduction (n F), and (2) the annually resolved cohort mean allelic richness as proxy of genetic diversity, based on 12 microsatellite markers. Cohort mean allelic richness showed strong year-to-year fluctuations though no permanent decline. Importantly, it was highly correlated with n F, but with an unexpected 1.5 year time lag that may be an artefact of Eastern Baltic cod ageing problems. Our findings indicated that environmental pressure can effect rapid alterations in exploited fish stock genetic composition, and pointed to the importance of large females for Eastern Baltic cod reproduction during stagnation periods. Considering the importance of standing genetic variation for the evolutionary potential of populations, this is relevant for projections of the future state of cod stocks under global change.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Publisher: ICES
Projects: BONUS BIO-C3
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2016 08:47
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2017 10:45
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30927

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