November 1996 Jökulhlaup on Skeiðarársandur Outwash Plain, Iceland.

Snorrason, A., Jonsson, P., Sigurdsson, O., Palsson, S., Arnason, S., Vikingsson, S. and Kaldal, I. (2002) November 1996 Jökulhlaup on Skeiðarársandur Outwash Plain, Iceland. In: Flood and Megaflood Processes and Deposits: Recent and Ancient Examples. . Special Publication of the International Association of Sedimentologists, 32 . Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK, pp. 55-65. DOI 10.1002/9781444304299.ch4.

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On 30 September 1996, seismological evidence indicated that a volcanic eruption was starting north of the Grímsvötn caldera in the glacier Vatnajökull, Iceland. As the eruption developed during the first half of October, meltwater was collected in the subglacial lake2 Grímsvötn at a tremendous rate. It was obvious that a catastrophic jökulhlaup could be expected on the outwash plain Skeiðarársandur south of the glacier Skeiðarárjökull, endangering travellers, as well as bridges and roads in the area. This paper describes the events, hydrograph and suspended sediment transport for the catastrophic flood on Skeiðarársandur, following the subglacial eruption.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: glacial outwash floods; November 1996 jökulhlaup on Skeiðarársandur outwash plain, Iceland; Jökulhlaup chronology; measurements of water levels and temperature; discharge and sediment transport - hydrograph estimation; Jökulhlaups (glacier outburst floods) - more common in Iceland
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Blackwell Science
Projects: Enrichment
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2016 07:43
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2016 07:43

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