Constraints on lithosphere-asthenosphere melt mixing in basaltic intraplate volcanism from olivine melt inclusions from southern Payenia, Argentina.

Søager, Nina, Portnyagin, Maxim , Hoernle, Kaj , Holm, Paul Martin and Garbe-Schönberg, Dieter (2018) Constraints on lithosphere-asthenosphere melt mixing in basaltic intraplate volcanism from olivine melt inclusions from southern Payenia, Argentina. Open Access Lithos, 310/311 . pp. 225-240. DOI 10.1016/j.lithos.2018.04.011.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• Melt inclusions from southern Payenia have highly variable element enrichment
• Magmas formed by mixing of asthenospheric high Nb/U and lithospheric low Nb/U melts
• Low Nb/U type inclusions are similar in composition to alkaline lamprophyres
• Low Nb/U melts were formed by fractionation of high Nb/U melts in the SCLM
• The percolative fractional crystallization involved cpx, rutile and apatite

Abstract

We present major and trace element compositions of melt inclusions from three alkali basalts from the Río Colorado volcanic field in the Payenia backarc province, Argentina. Modeling of diffusion profiles around the inclusions showed that most inclusions equilibrated <14 days after formation, indicating a short crustal residence time for the magmas and nearly direct ascent through the crust. Despite overlapping host rock isotopic compositions, the inclusions show a large variation in their degree of enrichment, and display trends that we interpret as mixing between asthenospheric OIB-type low K2O-high Nb/U melts and enriched high K2O-low Nb/U lithospheric mantle melts similar in composition to alkaline lamprophyres. The low Nb/U magmas are excessively enriched in the elements Cs, Rb, Ba, Th, U, K, Pb and Cl relative to Nb, Ta and REEs. The enriched low Nb/U components are interpreted to have formed by percolative fractional crystallization of asthenospheric high Nb/U melts in the lithospheric mantle involving crystallization of clinopyroxene, apatite and rutile. The residual fluid-rich melts either mixed directly with new batches of high Nb/U melts or metasomatized and veined the lithospheric mantle which later re-melted during continued volcanism. The major element compositions of the high K2O-low Nb/U components are distinct for the whole rocks and melt inclusions, and most enriched inclusions have lower SiO2 and higher TiO2 contents indicating derivation by melting of amphibole-bearing veins. In contrast, most wr low Nb/U basalts have higher SiO2 and lower TiO2 and were most likely formed by melting of pyroxenitic veins or peridotitic metasomatized lithospheric mantle.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Intraplate basalts, melt inclusions, olivine, lithospheric mantle, alkaline lamprophyres
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2018 07:10
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 07:35
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/42815

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