The Plumbing System Feeding the Lusi Eruption Revealed by Ambient Noise Tomography.

Fallahi, Mohammad Javad, Obermann, Anne, Lupi, Matteo, Karyono, Karyono and Mazzini, Adriano (2017) The Plumbing System Feeding the Lusi Eruption Revealed by Ambient Noise Tomography. Open Access Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122 (10). pp. 8200-8213. DOI 10.1002/2017JB014592.

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Supplementary data:


Lusi is a sediment-hosted hydrothermal system featuring clastic-dominated geyser-like eruption
behavior in East Java, Indonesia. We use 10 months of ambient seismic noise cross correlations from 30 temporary seismic stations to obtain a 3-D model of shear wave velocity anomalies beneath Lusi, the neighboring Arjuno-Welirang volcanic complex, and the Watukosek fault system connecting the two. Our work reveals a hydrothermal plume, rooted at a minimum 6 km depth that reaches the surface at the Lusi site. Furthermore, the inversion shows that this vertical anomaly is connected to the adjacent volcanic complex through a narrow (~3 km wide) low velocity corridor slicing the survey area at a depth of ~4–6 km.
The NE-SW direction of this elongated zone matches the strike of the Watukosek fault system. Distinct magmatic chambers are also inferred below the active volcanoes. The large-scale tomography features an exceptional example of a subsurface connection between a volcanic complex and a solitary erupting hydrothermal system hosted in a hydrocarbon-rich back-arc sedimentary basin. These results are consistent
with a scenario where deep-seated fluids (e.g., magmas and released hydrothermal fluids) flow along a region of enhanced transmissivity (i.e., the Watukosek fault system damage zone) from the volcanic arc toward the back arc basin where Lusi resides. The triggered metamorphic reactions occurring at depth in the organic-rich sediments generated significant overpressure and fluid upwelling that is today released at the spectacular Lusi eruption site.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/308126
Keywords: tomography study, geometry of the Lusi region and the neighboring volcanic complex, Magma chambers, volcanic complex, Lusi active system, volcanic arc activity
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: AGU (American Geophysical Union), Wiley
Date Deposited: 02 May 2018 12:56
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2022 13:05

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