Insights on the structure of Lusi mud edifice from land gravity data.

Mauri, Guillaume, Husein, Alwi, Mazzini, Adriano, Irawan, Dwinata, Sohrabi, Reza, Hadi, Soffian, Prasetyo, Hardi and Miller, Stephen A. (2018) Insights on the structure of Lusi mud edifice from land gravity data. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 90 . pp. 104-115. DOI 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2017.05.041.

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Since May 2006, the active Lusi mud eruption has continuously erupted boiling mud. During the early stages of the eruption in 2006, previous gravity studies showed that the piling up of the mud constructed a large edifice that subsides within the unconsolidated sediment especially around a large area over the active crater. After ten years of continuous eruption, the size of the edifice has grown significantly over a surface framed by 10 m tall containment embankments. In 2015 and 2016, several land gravity surveys were carried out to investigate the structure of the mud edifice and the effect of local geological active features. The new residual Bouguer anomaly map, calculated for a reference density of 2670 kg m−3, shows significant changes in the local gravity field in comparison to the previous 2006-gravity map survey. The new data set shows that the gravity decrease is generally restricted along the faulted and fractured zones, around erupting vents, and in the southern part of the mud edifice. Maximum gravity variations reach 1.4 mGal in some areas of the mud edifice. In the region outside the embankment, the gravity reductions are 0.6 mGal E-W and 1.0 mGal N-S. A second vertical derivative analysis of gravity data indicates that the mud edifice continues to pile up and subside mostly in the western and southern part of the edifice. Results of a 3D forward model of a vertical cylinder shape allowed characterising the extent of compacted material along the Watukosek fault system that originates from the neighbouring volcanic arc and crosses the mud edifice. Our results support the hypothesis of local pinched volume of mud ongoing between the subsided and uplifted masses of mud. The density of compacted mud breccia material increases between 16 and 27%. Gravity data also shows that the Lusi mud edifice is built over an extended NW-SE gravity increase, interpreted as a sediment density variation within the basin, and which is parallel to the trend of the Basin.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/308126
Keywords: Mud volcano, Gravimetry, Potential field, Lusi
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 02 May 2018 12:44
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 07:42

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