Structural evolution in accretionary prism toe revealed by magnetic fabric analysis from IODP NanTroSEIZE Expedition 316.

Kitamura, Yujin, Kanamatsu, T. and Zhao, X. (2010) Structural evolution in accretionary prism toe revealed by magnetic fabric analysis from IODP NanTroSEIZE Expedition 316. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 292 . pp. 221-230. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.01.040.

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This paper presents magnetic fabric analysis to examine the internal structure of the accretionary prism toe in the Nankai Trough, off the east coast of Japan. Two sites (C0006 and C0007) drilled during Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 316 penetrated the sediment section, including intra wedge thrusts and the frontal thrust. Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) measurements provides insight into recorded strain during sedimentary and tectonic processes. Results from the upper part of the wedge show sedimentary acquired compaction fabric in general. In the lower part, AMS fabrics occasionally rotate almost ninety degrees and suggest horizontal compression. In contrast, magnetic fabrics did not show any correspondence to the thrusts or minor normal faults, which implies that those faults develop with concentrated shear deformation without disturbing surrounding sediments. Two adjacent drilling sites and dense sampling demonstrated clearly the change in strain field which is reported by previous studies. Based on these results, we propose a model of structural evolution at the toe of the prism. Underthrusting sediments induce horizontal stress in the lower part of the wedge, which reduces the effective stress and forms a high pore pressure anomaly and zones of fracturing. The frontal thrust is bent geometrically and terminates its activity in response to an increase of friction that triggers initiation of the next-generation frontal thrust. The upper part of the wedge tilts accordingly, resulting in an unstable slope.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: NanTroSEIZE, Nankai Trough, accretionary prism, Subduction zone, anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Elsevier
Projects: IODP
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2010 09:33
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2017 12:27

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