El Nino–Southern Oscillation complexity.

Timmermann, Axel, An, Soon-Il, Kug, Jong-Seong, Jin, Fei-Fei, Cai, Wenju, Capotondi, Antonietta, Cobb, Kim, Lengaigne, Matthieu, McPhaden, Michael J., Stuecker, Malte F., Stein, Karl, Wittenberg, Andrew T., Yun, Kyung-Sook, Bayr, Tobias , Chen, Han-Ching, Chikamoto, Yoshimitsu, Dewitte, Boris, Dommenget, Dietmar, Grothe, Pamela, Guilyardi, Eric, Ham, Yoo-Geun, Hayashi, Michiya, Ineson, Sarah, Kang, Daehyun, Kim, Sunyong, Kim, WonMoo, Lee, June-Yi, Li, Tim, Luo, Jing-Jia, McGregor, Shayne, Planton, Yann, Power, Scott, Rashid, Harun, Ren, Hong-Li, Santoso, Agus, Takahashi, Ken, Todd, Alexander, Wang, Guomin, Wang, Guojian, Xie, Ruihuang, Yang, Woo-Hyun, Yeh, Sang-Wook, Yoon, Jinho, Zeller, Elke and Zhang, Xuebin (2018) El Nino–Southern Oscillation complexity. Nature, 559 (7715). pp. 535-545. DOI 10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6.

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El Niño events are characterized by surface warming of the tropical Pacific Ocean and weakening of equatorial trade winds that occur every few years. Such conditions are accompanied by changes in atmospheric and oceanic circulation, affecting global climate, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, fisheries and human activities. The alternation of warm El Niño and cold La Niña conditions, referred to as the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), represents the strongest year-to-year fluctuation of the global climate system. Here we provide a synopsis of our current understanding of the spatio-temporal complexity of this important climate mode and its influence on the Earth system.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: In this Review, the middle initial of author Kim M. Cobb was omitted. The original Review Article has been corrected online.
Keywords: El Nino; ENSO
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > SFB 754 > A1
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Nature Research
Projects: SFB754
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2018 07:31
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 07:32
URI: https://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/43944

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