Shift towards larger diatoms in a natural phytoplankton assemblage under combined high-CO2 and warming conditions.

Sett, Scarlett, Schulz, Kai G., Bach, Lennart T. and Riebesell, Ulf (2018) Shift towards larger diatoms in a natural phytoplankton assemblage under combined high-CO2 and warming conditions. Open Access Journal of Plankton Research, 40 (4). pp. 391-406. DOI 10.1093/plankt/fby018.

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An indoor mesocosm experiment was carried out to investigate the combined effects of ocean acidification and warming on the species composition and biogeochemical element cycling during a winter/spring bloom with a natural phytoplankton assemblage from the Kiel fjord, Germany. The experimental setup consisted of a "Control" (ambient temperature of similar to 4.8 degrees C and similar to 535 +/- 25 mu atm pCO(2)), a "High-CO2" treatment (ambient temperature and initially 1020 +/- 45 mu atm pCO(2)) and a "Greenhouse" treatment (similar to 8.5 degrees C and initially 990 +/- 60 mu atm pCO(2)). Nutrient replete conditions prevailed at the beginning of the experiment and light was provided at in situ levels upon reaching pCO(2) target levels. A diatom-dominated bloom developed in all treatments with Skeletonema costatum as the dominant species but with an increased abundance and biomass contribution of larger diatom species in the Greenhouse treatment. Conditions in the Greenhouse treatment accelerated bloom development with faster utilization of inorganic nutrients and an earlier peak in phytoplankton biomass compared to the Control and High CO2 but no difference in maximum concentration of particulate organic matter (POM) between treatments. Loss of POM in the Greenhouse treatment, however, was twice as high as in the Control and High CO2 treatment at the end of the experiment, most likely due to an increased proportion of larger diatom species in that treatment. We hypothesize that the combination of warming and acidification can induce shifts in diatom species composition with potential feedbacks on biogeochemical element cycling.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/228224
Keywords: ocean acidification; warming; diatoms; spring bloom; mesocosms
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Oxford Univ. Press
Projects: MESOAQUA, BIOACID, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2018 09:49
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2021 11:08

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