Designing spawning closures can be complicated: Experience from cod in the Baltic Sea.

Eero, Margit, Hinrichsen, Hans-Harald, Hjelm, Joakim, Huwer, Bastian, Hüssy, Karin , Köster, Friedrich W., Margonski, Piotr, Plikshs, Maris, Storr-Paulsen, Marie and Zimmermann, Christopher (2019) Designing spawning closures can be complicated: Experience from cod in the Baltic Sea. Open Access Ocean & Coastal Management, 169 . pp. 129-136. DOI 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.12.018.

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Supplementary data:


• Designing spawning closures requires consideration of the mechanisms through which the closures can affect the fish stocks.
• Small area closures may have unintended negative effects to the stocks due to fishing effort reallocation.
• Closures covering most of the stock distribution are more robust to gaps in biological knowledge than small area closures.

Fisheries management measures often include spatio-temporal closures during the spawning period of the fish with an overarching aim of improving the stock status. The different mechanisms how a spawning closure potentially can influence the stock are often not explicitly considered when designing such closures. In this paper, we review and synthesize the available data and knowledge on potential effects of the implemented spawning closures on cod in the Baltic Sea. The Baltic cod example represents a relatively data rich case, which allows demonstrating how a closure might affect different parameters of stock status via different mechanisms, including potential unintended negative effects. We conclude that designing relatively small area closures appropriately is highly complex and data demanding, and may involve tradeoffs between positive and negative impacts on the stock. Seasonal closures covering most of the stock distribution during the spawning time are more robust to data limitations, and less likely to be counterproductive if suboptimally designed.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Spawning closure; Fisheries management; Recruitment; Stock structure; Baltic cod;
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2019 09:21
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2022 09:22

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